Pharmaceutical companies, which fund approximately half of all biomedical research,1 are now leaders in the publication and disclosure of research.2,3 However, access to much company-funded research is restricted by journal paywalls.4 We, as Open Pharma, a group of pharmaceutical companies and other research funders, alongside healthcare professionals, regulators, patients, publishers and other stakeholders in healthcare, recognize the importance of publishing research with open access, where papers can be read without payment of a one-off access charge or subscription. Open access ensures that the highest quality, peer-reviewed evidence is available to anyone who needs it, anywhere in the world. Publishing with open access improves transparency, advances medical science and, we believe, ultimately improves patient care.
Our immediate priority
Our immediate priority is to secure authors publishing company-funded research the same right to publish open access as authors publishing research funded by other sources, so that all research can be made free to read from the date of publication. This would enable pharmaceutical companies to follow the lead of other research funders in requiring all the research they fund to be published with open access, without impacting on journal choice.5-7 In order to provide publishers the time to adapt their policies and protect their copyright interests, any variant of Creative Commons or equivalent licence could be used.
Our long-term goal
Our long-term goal is to secure authors publishing company-funded research the same terms as authors publishing research funded by other sources, so that all research can be made free to read – and reuse – from the date of publication. This would enable pharmaceutical companies to follow the lead of other research funders in maximizing the impact of the research they fund on patient health. Open Pharma is committed to working closely with publishers and pharmaceutical companies to ensure that the gold standard Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) licence can sustainably be used.8
This Open Pharma position statement on open access represents the opinions of the individual members: Catherine Skobe (Pfizer), Chris Rains (Takeda), Chris Winchester (Oxford PharmaGenesis), Julie Newman (Gilead), Lise Baltzer (Novo Nordisk), Sarah Sabir (Oxford PharmaGenesis) and Valerie Philippon (Takeda), and not necessarily those of their individual companies. We thank the members, supporters and followers of Open Pharma for their input and valuable discussion.
- Dorsey ER, de Roulet J, Thompson JP et al. Funding of US biomedical research, 2003–2008. JAMA 2010;303:137–43.
- Baronikova S, Purvis J, Southam E et al. Commitments by the biopharmaceutical industry to clinical trial transparency: the evolving environment. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine 2019:bmjebm–2018–111145.
- Warren M. Big pharma is embracing open-access publishing like never before. Nature, 2019. Available from: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00610-2 (Accessed 3 October 2019).
- Ellison TS, Koder T, Schmidt L, Williams A, Winchester CC. Open access policies of leading medical journals: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 2019;9:e028655.
- Collins E. Publishing priorities of biomedical research funders. BMJ Open 2013;3:e004171.
- Baronikova S, Desai SY, Philippon V, Rains CP. An assessment of open access publishing at Shire before and after implementation of the open access publication policy. Curr Med Res Opin 2019;35(Suppl 2):31.
- Lang H, Winchester CC, Gattrell W. Open access publishing of research affiliated to Ipsen, 2013–2017: a baseline assessment. Curr Med Res Opin 2019;35(Suppl 2):39.
- Tennant JP, Waldner F, Jacques DC et al. The academic, economic and societal impacts of Open Access: an evidence-based review. F1000Res 2016;5:632.
Betasciencepress Publishing; ecancer; F1000 Research Ltd.; Frontiers Media SA; Future Science Group; MDPI; PLOS; Wiley
Ataxia & Me; Autoinflammatory UK; Cambridge Rare Disease Network; Centro Español de Investigación Farmacoepidemiológica (CEIFE); Cinclus Pharma Holding AB; DSL Consulting, LLC; Galapágos NV; Inspiring STEM; International Kidney Cancer Coalition; Ipsen; Kidney Research UK; M-CM Network; Observational and Pragmatic Research Institute Pte; Oxford Health Policy Forum; Oxford PharmaGenesis; Pedalling4ACure; SCN2A Australia; Scott Pharma Solutions; Solanum Medical Communications Ltd.; SUDEP Action; The Aarskog Foundation; ThinkSCIENCE, Inc.; Zimbabwe Evidence Informed Policy Network
Mary Kunjappu, Alexion Pharmaceuticals; Kenneth Pomerantz, Alexion Pharmaceuticals; Börje Wernersson, formerly of AstraZeneca; Alan Thomas, Ataxia & Me; Scott Armit, Ataxia & Me; John Wallace, Autoinflammatory UK; Gavin Giovannoni, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry; Roland J.W. Meesters, Betasciencepress Publishing; E. Andrew Balas, Biomedical Research Innovation Laboratory, Augusta University; Luis Alberto García Rodríguez, Centro Español de Investigación Farmacoepidemiológica (CEIFE); Peter Unge, Cinclus Pharma Holding AB; Val Tate, communications consultant; Raj Kadadai, Cure SCA3; Inmaculada Silos-Santiago, Decibel Therapeutics; Douglas Levine, DSL Consulting, LLC; Brian S. Alper, EBSCO Information Services; Katie Foxall, ecancer; Laverne Mooney, Independent Consultant; Linda Edmonson, Innovative Strategic Communications; Tim Day, Innovative Strategic Communications; Martin Delahunty, Inspiring STEM; Anna Baikova, Ipsen; Christy Collins, M-CM Network; Grigorios Leontiadis, McMaster University; Franck Vazquez, MDPI; Rita Moreira de Silva, Medscape; Alben Sigamani, Narayana Health; Michael De Rosa, National Ataxia Foundation; Peter Llewellyn, NetworkPharma Ltd.; Pali Hungin, Newcastle University; Klaus Boberg, Novo Nordisk; Heather Piwowar, Our Research; Serena Vanzen, Oxford Brookes University; Kajsa Wilhelmsson, Oxford Health System Reform Group; Adele Buss, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Alison Hillman, Oxford Pharmagenesis; Anja Becher, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Cassidy Fiford, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Emma Bolton, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Francesca Ounsworth, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Jessica Hardy, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Julie Beeso, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Mark Rolfe, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Michael Molloy-Bland, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Nicolas Bertheleme, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Paul Farrow, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Richard White, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Sally Bardell, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Sarah Sabir, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Steph Macdonald, Oxford Pharmagenesis; Tamzin Gristwood, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Tim Ellison, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Tim Koder, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Trevor Sills, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Zoe Watts, Oxford PharmaGenesis; Graham Shelton, Oxford University Hospitals Foundation; Charles Boyce, patient; Emily Medina, patient; Jeannie Smithball, patient; Danielle Grover, patient advocate; Elizabeth Kinder, patient advocate; Richard Stephens, patient advocate; Tracy Zervakis, patient advocate; Trishna Bharadia, patient advocate; Rosario Strano, Pedalling4Cure; Angela Sykes, Pfizer; Courtney Leo, Pfizer; J.R. Meloro, Pfizer; Ellie Challis, PTEN UK & Ireland; Dermot Ryan, Respiratory Effectiveness Group; Kris Pierce, SCN2A Australia; Susan Scott, Scott Pharma Solutions; Sophie Berry, Smith & Nephew; John Gonzalez, Solanum Medical Communications Ltd.; Laura Paglione, Spherical Cow Group; Jane Hanna, SUDEP; Raquel Billiones, Takeda Vaccines; Victoria Woods, Patient and Public Engagement, Thames Valley Cancer Alliance at NHS England; Zbys Fedorowicz, The Care Combine and North West Anglia NHS Foundation Trust; Stuart Taylor, The Royal Society; Caryn Jones; THINK Science; John Pernick, THINK Science; Erik Michels, UCB; Rachel Giles, Regenerative Medicine Center, UMC Utrecht; Meredith Hays, Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University; Martin Rossor, University College London; Stephen Bradley, University of Leeds; Robert Sim, Department of Respiratory Science, University of Leicester; Iain Chalmers, Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, University of Oxford; Edith Sim, Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford; Chas Bountra, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford; Stevan Harnad, University of Southampton; Álvaro Díaz, Departmento de Biociencias, Universidad de la República, Uruguay; Ronald Munatsi, Zimbabwe Evidence Informed Policy Network
Endorsements last updated on 26 March 2020
Available to download: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.10003304